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Memorandum of Understanding with Clean Sky 2

To enhance the cooperation with Member States and Regions, as well as to facilitate the synergies with ESIF, Clean Sky 2 makes available an annotated model MoU, to set the framework of cooperation with a Member State or Region. This can be adapted with no restrictions or limitations for any MS/Region specificity or policy. Clean Sky 2 encourages the use of the MoU by the competent MS/Regional Authority in charge of ESIF and other public funding. Clean Sky 2 promotes bilateral meetings with Regions or Member States (Managing Authorities) in order to exchange views about regional capabilities and RIS3, and explore synergies and ways to complement and leverage Clean Sky 2 technical content with further/parallel actions co-funded by ESIF at national/regional level. The ESIF managing authorities can also play a crucial role in creating the necessary “incentive effect” and encouraging through their funding instruments the stakeholders to propose activities linking to Clean Sky.

The MoU contains notes and indications for the MS/Region – it is a simple and effective tool to agree on cooperation and to proceed at once. A summary of the MoU content is as follows: 

  • Commitment to work together, to explore and identify synergies via respective programmes and mechanisms; 
  • Indicate the MS/Region’s policy framework to support R&I or aeronautics in particular. It is not necessary that the RIS3 mentions aeronautics as priority: a link could also be made with a number of correlated areas (R&I, transport, mobility, materials, CO2 reduction etc.); 
  • Indicate the ESIF instruments/funding schemes under the Operational Programme (OP) which may be devoted to stimulating synergies. It can be a general R&I call with implementation modalities to stimulate synergies, a specific call in aeronautics, or a call with thematic areas. Some MS/Regions have also envisaged a specific action devoted to supporting projects in synergies with H2020 or specifically with JTIs;
  • Involve Clean Sky 2 in regional working groups on RIS3 and any activities specifically related to R&I/aeronautics, in order to exchange information on regional capabilities and policy priorities;
  • Agree to enter a pilot phase to stimulate synergies. The imminent target is to achieve concrete pilots and show results; 
  • Establish a working group composed of the Region, Clean Sky 2 representatives and stakeholders’ representatives as appropriate, to implement the tasks under the MoU and agree implementation modalities at the level of regional calls;
  • Exchange information for some communication activities regarding aeronautics synergies and the cooperation under the MoU; 
  • Participation in events organised by the two organisations.

The signing of a MoU with these MS/Regions aims to set the scene and agree the general framework of cooperation without trying to get into details. The signature of a MoU does not constitute an essential condition for developing synergies with Clean Sky 2. It also does not confer any sort of competitive advantage in the calls launched by Clean Sky 2 to any regional stakeholder.

Five (5) scenarios have been identified which outline the appropriate and possible mechanisms for cooperation. These scenarios should be considered and adapted according to the regional funding schemes envisaged under the OPs, rules and processes while keeping the CS programme/calls in line with its own rules:

  1. Upstream support

    ESIF support for developing capabilities/skills/infrastructures with the support of local stakeholders, in view of enhancing the regional capabilities in Aeronautics R&I and planned participation in Clean Sky 2.

  2. Parallel funding

    An applicant to Clean Sky 2 calls proposes in parallel a separate set of ‘complementary activities’ (ESIF Work Package), which will be separately evaluated and may be granted a ‘synergy label’. Applicable to Clean Sky 2 Calls for Proposals.

  3. Sequential funding/downstream support

    Clean Sky beneficiaries proposing a continuation/spin-off/amplification of their projects with ESIF support.

  4. Thematic approach

    ESIF support to complement the Clean Sky 2 programme through appropriate R&I thematic calls. The themes/topics, agreed with Clean Sky 2, are consistent with RIS3 priorities and contribute to the overall objectives of Clean Sky 2 but are not specifically addressed in Clean Sky 2.

  5. ‘Seal of Excellence’ – ‘Clean Sky 2 Synergy Label’

    If technically appropriate, top-ranked proposals in a Clean Sky 2 call (highly scored but not retained for funding) could be supported by Clean Sky 2 with a synergy label for ESIF funding.

A common feature in scenarios 2, 3 and 5 is the ‘Clean Sky label’. This quality label may be awarded  to the complementary activities proposed by either a successful applicant in a Clean Sky 2 call or proposed by a Clean Sky 2 beneficiary over the course of implementation. The label is awarded following an independent evaluation process of the complementary proposals against the H2020 evaluation criteria and the relevance in terms of synergies/complementarity to Clean Sky 2 scope or objectives. The ‘Clean Sky 2 Synergy Label’ can provide an incentive effect and a guarantee of success for MS/Regions to invest in projects, support actions, local capabilities and infrastructures of national and/or regional importance. This label and the accompanying CS2JU evaluation summary report of the complementary proposal may be taken up or be considered by the relevant Member State Region in accordance with the applicable rules.


“Clean Sky 2 Synergy Certificate”

The Clean Sky 2 JU has also introduced a type of ‘label’ certification, the ‘Synergy Certificate’ that will be awarded to proposals complementary to Clean Sky 2 activities or Programme objectives which have been evaluated by the national/regional competent authorities. This certificate will recognize the implementation of synergies with ESIF or other National/Regional funding in the framework of a Memorandum of Understanding.